Periodontics dentistry is chapter of dentistry dealing the treatment of gum disease and oral mucosa. Gum disease is quite common among children and adults. There is a variety of reasons, most often due to age-related changes in human oral mucosa. The mobility of teeth, bad breath, teeth baring necks, bleeding and inflammation, it is not all the symptoms of gum disease. Gum disease includes periodontal disease, periodontitis, gingivitis.
At the early stages gum disease treatment is quick and painless. First, the doctor diagnoses the disease, conducting hygiene teaches the patient to properly care for teeth and oral cavity. If necessary, the doctor may conduct some dental manipulations for gum healing, such as the medicine application or assign rinsing.
When the disease is in the later stages, even surgery treatment is not excluded. It will relieve patients problems and let him forget about the inconvenience for a long time.
Also in periodontology for immobilization movable teeth often using splinting, thanks to it each tooth is attached to other, or all the teeth are united in one arch.
Recently, the laser has become the integral part of dentistry. Lasers are used for therapeutic treatment and teeth whitening, during processing of root canals by endodontists, orthodontists use it in teeth prosthesis, periodontist - during treating diseases of mucosal surfaces of the oral cavity. The main advantage of using lasers in therapeutic dentistry is painless procedures. The laser in its action simply dehydrate enamel, but does not destroy it, also under the laser destroying all bacteria and microorganisms that reduces the formation of secondary caries. Grinding teeth is also not necessary, because after applying the laser aren’t remain sharp edges and irregularities. That’s why use laser for patient is much more actable possibility for safely and effectively teeth treating. Also, lasers are used for teeth whitening. For this purpose, a special tool that is applied to the teeth and laser acting on it, activates special substances, which bleach the enamel, for a long period of time with several shades in one visit. Treatment of periodontal pockets - so-called curettage, quite painful and unpleasant procedure if it is performed mechanically, rather than using a laser, with laser becomes a quick and painless procedure because the laser destroys all microorganisms and bacteria, but not traumatic for the mucosa, which is around the tooth. In surgical laser dentistry is often used because of its ability to painlessly and without bleeding conduct small intervention, which before were made with scalpel. Since laser soldering small blood vessels, and it disinfects the wound, surface heals quickly and does not require any additional care.
A beautiful smile has always been the key to success and confidence. What to do when healthy teeth and dentition imperfect? Some just not smile and tries do not widely open mouth while talking. But modern science gives us its achievements to improve our quality of life. Nowadays gaining in popularity of braces to correct teeth defects. Braces are: ceramic, metal and sapphire. They serve the same purpose - the alignment of the dentition, just different in appearance, usability and price. Metal braces - a small plate attached to the outside surface of the teeth, they are most popular among other types of braces because of low prices. But they are unaesthetic, not so comfortable and can irritate the gums. Ceramic braces are made from a ceramic material, which is selected in the color of teeth. That’s why they are less visible on your teeth, and not irritate the mucous membrane. Sapphire braces - a small plate, made of sapphire, very strong and easy to use, not changing their color during using. The main disadvantage of this type of braces is that they should be used to align teeth of brightest shades.
Dental implant – is an artificial root from different material, authorized it, such as titanium, which is implanted in the jaw bone. Aim of implantology is restore the complete absence of teeth, or the lack of quantity. So patient can fully use dentures or completely replace absent teeth with non-removable prosthetic appliances.
Implantation process is a surgical procedure that requires highly skilled professionals, and requires examination of the patient. A detailed X-ray examination will determine the ability to install implants in patients bone tissue, depending on bone density and efficiency of the intervention.
There are certain contraindications, therefore it is necessary to refer to the seriousness of all doctors precautions and indications, and be sure to go through the whole list of tests.
Implant surgery usually not lasts more than an hour. The next step is to open the implant and fastening gum shaper to it. Then gum shaper replacing by abutment, whose function is to hold the crown on the implant. Then performing manufacture crowns or prosthetic appliances.
All implant surgery occurring at local anesthesia.
In our medical center you can install German implants by company "BEGO SEMADOS", Israeli company "ALFA BIO", and the Italian "LEADER TIXOS".
Chapter, which studying dentistry treatment and filling of root canals called endodontics. Root canal treatment needed when we have presence of such complications of carious disease like periodontitis, pulpits, sometimes with presence of mechanical damage or in case of preparation for prosthetic appliances.
There are two stages of root canal treatment - a drug processing channels, eliminating infection, root canal treatment and root canal filling. And if it is re-intervention, precede these stages is root canal unsealing, and if necessary, removal of broken medical instruments. The most important thing at this stage of treatment of the tooth to remove source of infection that is on top of the root and causes discomfort for the patient, and a threat to his health. For these procedures accuracy is very important, that’s why using specialized equipment and materials is necessary. Therefore, in our clinic we use a microscope that allows you to easily find channels to pass them, and seal.
Orthopedics - this area of dentistry that deals with the restoration of teeth. With prosthetic appliances we can recreate one lost tooth, part or all dentition generally, with perfect esthetic appearance. Engaged by dentist orthopedist. Also very important part of the prosthesis is manufacturing veneers, which help the teeth to change the its color, size, and in some cases, incline.
There are few types of dentures: single crowns, veneers, inlays, and partial or full prosthetic appliances - it's so-called non-removable dentures. Also there are and partial and full dentures, classified as removable.
The main objective of removable and non-removable dentures is to restore chewing function, but the possibilities of modern dentistry gives us the ability and restore the aesthetic appearance of the patient dentition.
Becomes clear that each patient has it owns preference, but there are a number of indications and contraindications for each type of prosthesis, so each patient needs individual approach. Important role plays also material from which made appliances, Material determines such prosthetic specifications like strength, duration of use, and aesthetic appearance.
Metal-ceramic prostheses are popular because of strength, and excellent aesthetic appearance. This is achieved by a metal frame, which solidly holds the structure and the outer layer of ceramic material that accurately reproduces the color of the tooth of the patient. With proper use and care this type of fixed structures can serve for a very long.
Fullceramic are made from clear ceramic, and is metal- free. That’s why its perfectly reproduces the color and shape of the teeth, whereby they aren’t lose their main purpose - masticatory function, as can withstand heavy loads. Due to the fact that this type of prosthesis is manufactured using high-precision and expensive devices and tools, they differ significantly in price of metal prostheses.
Veneers is ultra-thin ceramic plates which fixating on the outside of the teeth with a special cement. They perform more aesthetic function, as using them can achieve the effect of Hollywood smile, and thus save their teeth. Also, this type of fixed structures can help with dentition defect - at returned or uneven teeth, and does not require a long time such as wearing braces.
With the loss of a substantial part or all teeth, we can propose removable prosthetic appliances. They have anatomical retention to the mucosa and to precense teeth, if they are.
The main difference between arch dentures and plate prosthetic is that for the manufacture uses metallic thin arc that does not rub the mucosa. This prosthesis does not create any discomfort when chewing, mucous when you use it has no major settling, so its much more long-lived. One disadvantage of this type of prosthesis is that its metal part is visible during smiling or talking.
At this stage of dentistry is the huge number of indications for surgical procedures. Surgery combines all types of surgical interventions to soft and hard tissues of the oral cavity. All surgical manipulations at our medical center conducted with anesthesia for painless treatment. The main of surgical procedures in dentistry is tooth extraction. We are all afraid of dentists, and the biggest fear is the memory of surgical instruments, removing the baby tooth or a permament are equally creepy. But fortunately over time now these procedures are performed completely painlessly and with minimal trauma patient's oral mucosa.
And now that you have to remove the tooth should strictly follow the doctor's recommendations, as well as tooth extraction is a surgical intervention and non prescription can cause serious consequences. It should not forget that in the mouth of every person normally lives of 700 thousand different species of bacteria, so this should not joke.
Trimming bridle - a surgical manipulation is carried children or adults. There are several bridles: upper lip, lower lip and tongue bridles. If this defect was found in the hospital, cutting is performed within 10-15 seconds and is painless for the baby. If this feature is seen in more adult age, then treatment should not be delay. The treatment is only surgery. To diagnose this defect can only dentist, and self treatment is prohibited. Dentistry does not stand still, and nowadays scalpel increasingly replacing on laser. Thanks to laser surgery is painless, requires only local anesthesia, is not a prolonged action. There are no need to suture, so the wound heals within a few days. However, laser surgery more expensive.